Thursday, December 13, 2012

Literature Review #5


2)Kim, P. (2010). Evolution in the 21st Century Higher Education Ecosystem. In J. Sanchez & K. Zhang (Eds.),Proceedings of World Conference on E-Learning in Corporate, Government, Healthcare, and Higher Education 2010.

3) The article talks about the rise of new species of college in the higher education system. Kim talks about the recent technological trends and challenges faced by traditional institutions and argues that these resulted in the rise of new non-traditional colleges. These colleges, he argues, are different than the traditional university we know. They are flexible in their schedule so that they can attract non-traditional students, those with schedule conflicts. They also eagerly adapt technology in lecturing so that it will cost less.

4)Paul Kim is a professor at Stanford University. He is the assistant dean for Information Technology and CTO.

5)non-traditional students: students who have work, family obligations. These students are different in that they have conflicting schedules with regular classes offered by traditional institutions. So, they are attracted to for-profit or private universities which make it easier for them attend due to their flexible schedules.

evolution: the need to change for survival

“Darwin proposed the idea that organisms adapt and evolve through natural selection, creating particular ecological niches and eventually resulting in the emergence of new species”

This quote explains the evolutionary theory, which I implement to higher education system. The challenges, growing demand and lack of public funding, are overcome by change, which is brought by privatization efforts. The change eventually results in a new species. In the higher education sense, the new species is the ‘efficient university’, corporate in its ways, concerned with efficiency and numbers, rather than quality.

“A business or industry, as a living organism, often must evolve (i.e., to overcome or even leverage changes) in order to seek higher efficiencies and ensure its long-term sustainability” (Kim 5:04)

Change is constant. So, organisms must adapt to this change to survive. Here, Kim argues that organizations and the industries are the same way. The higher education system goes through a similar change and adaptation period to ensure its long-term sustainability.

7)This source is important because it deals with a similar topic to mine, specifically rise of new species in the higher education system.

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